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First Point- When beginning your study of the sword, it is best to first use a sword made from bamboo or wood. Wait until the body technique, footwork, handwork, are set properly, then one can change to using a steel, forged sword. At the beginning, the body, hands, and feet, all are not quite correct. It all feels uncomfortable and seems painful. Be determined and patient, gradually it will become correct and smooth, and you will enter into a pleasant place.
Light weight, improperly balanced training swords have been a problem in Chinese sword work since the advent of modern, performance oriented, wushu. Such “weapons” lead to misunderstandings in how a sword was wielded in combat and allow the practitioner to preform actions that are either not possible or practical with a real weight, historically accurate jian. To develop a clear understanding of jianfa, any student must train with a sword that is historically accurate. Having said that, training with a full weight sword should only commence once the student has developed a solid foundation and proper body mechanics. Rushing to work with a full weight weapon often leads soft tissue damage in the first, elbow, or other areas. To avoid unnecessary injury and the common beginners fault of “muscling” of technique, I typically start students with a very light weight yard stick. This provides the student with a clear flat and edge, but takes away the possibility, and thus temptation, to cut with power and injure themselves.
I translated the term ménjìng (門徑) as “set properly.” Ménjìng literally means something like gaining access to something by going through a door or following a path. In a martial sense, here it implies training properly with good body mechanics.